当前位置: 首页  >  学术报告

物理学院“博约学术论坛”系列报告第40期

发布日期:2013年09月05日

题 目:Physics and Applications of Spin Hall Effect
报告人:郭光宇教授 (台湾大学物理系)
时  间:2013年9月6日(星期五)上午10:00
地  点:中心教学楼610
ABSTRACT Spin Hall effect (SHE) refers to the generation of transverse spin current in a solid by an electric field. Spin current generation is an important issue in the emerging spintronic technology. Thus, SHE has recently attracted considerable interest both theoretically and experimentally since the theoretical proposals of the intrinsic SHE. In this talk, I will first give an introduction to SHE, and then describe ab initio theoretical approaches to the various issues in the field of SHE, in particular, Berry phase theory and ab initio relativistic band structure method. This will be followed by a review on our recent relativistic band theoretical studies on the intrinsic SHE in Pt, Al, Pd, Au and Mo. In particular, our ab initio calculations revealed that the resonant contribution from the spin-orbit splitting of the doubly degenerated d bands near the Fermi level gives rise to a large intrinsic spin Hall conductivity in Pt and Pd.
Furthermore, our electronic structure calculations for various transition metal impurities in gold indicated possible orbital-dependent Kondo effect in Fe impurity in Au. Thus, the gigantic SHE observed recently in FePt/Au system was attributed to resonant skew scattering due to multi-orbital Kondo effect. Our estimated spin Hall angle is about 0.1, in agreement with the measured value. Indeed, our subsequent quantum Monte Carlo simulations for a realistic three-orbital Anderson impurity model demonstrated two Kondo temperatures in Fe in Au: one very low Kondo temperature for Fe deg-states and the other high Kondo temperature for Fe t2g-states. It was also found that the spin-orbit interaction and hence the SHE is strongly renormalized by the quantum spin fluctuation. This explains why the gigantic SHE in Au with Fe impurities was observed in recent experiments, while it is not visible in the anomalous Hall effect. Moreover, latest experiments on Au films with well controlled Fe impurity concentrations confirmed that the spin Hall angle is about 0.07 and independent of Fe impurity concentration, thereby indicating the extrinsic nature of the SHE observed in FePt/Au systems.
Curriculum Vitae:
1. Education and Degrees
1) B. Sc. (1987): Xiamen University, Fujian, China (1978/10 – 1982/7);
2) Ph.D.: Cambridge University, England, UK (1983/10 – 1987/5).
2. Professional Experience
1) Distinguished Professor, Taiwan University, Taiwan,(2006/8-present).
2) Chair Professor and Director, Chengchi University, Taiwan (2009/8-2013/7)
3) Vice Dean, Chengchi University, Taiwan (2010/8-2011/7)
4) Professor, Department of Physics, Taiwan University, Taiwan (1998/08-2006/07)
5) Staff Scientist, Daresbury Laboratory, UK (1989/10-1998/07). A
6) Postdoctoral Research Associate, Daresbury Laboratory, UK (1987/06-1989/08).
联系方式:物理学院办公室(68913163)
网    址: /

XML 地图 | Sitemap 地图